Japanese Orthopedic Association Back & Neck Questionnaire

Japanese Orthopedic Association Back & Neck Questionnaire

Overview & History The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) developed the original version of this tool in 1986…

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Visual Analog Scale – PRO Tools

Visual Analog Scale – PRO Tools

Overview/History The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) is one of the four (4) pain measurement scales along side the Numerical…

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